reasoning

reasoning
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Process of understanding
Nouns
1. reasoning, ratiocination, rationalism, deduction, dialectics, induction, generalization, logic, synthesis, syncretism, analysis, rationalization, discursive or circular reasoning; fuzzy logic; sophistry. See intellect, sanity, thought.
2. (reasoned process) debate, polemics, discussion, inquiry; apologia, clarification; dissertation, exposition, explanation (see interpretation). See discord.
3. (basis for reasoning) argument, case, proposition, terms, premise, postulate, data, principle, inference, analogy, syllogism, hypothesis (see supposition).
4. reasoner, logician, dialectician, disputant, controversialist, debater, polemicist, polemist, casuist, rationalist, rationalizer.
Verbs — reason, deduce, induce, infer, derive; allege, adduce; argue, discuss, debate, philosophize, consider; stand to reason, make sense; talk over, work out, brainstorm.
Adjectives
1. reasoning, thinking, sapient; rationalistic; argumentative, controversial, dialectic, polemical, discursive; disputatious, forensic.
2. logical, relevant, rational; inductive, deductive, syllogistic; a priori, a posteriori.
Adverbs — for, because, hence, seeing that, since, so, inasmuch as, whereas, in consideration of; therefore, consequently, ergo, accordingly, a fortiori; QED, quod erat demonstrandum; reductio ad absurdum; in reason.
Quotations — Reason is the ruler and queen of all things (Cicero), If everything on earth were rational, nothing would happen (Feodor Dostoevski), Reason is God's crowning gift to man (Sophocles), Passion and prejudice govern the world, only under the name of reason ( John Wesley), Every man's own reason must be his oracle (Thomas Jefferson).
Antonyms, see intuition.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
Syn. rational, logical, inductive, analytical; see judicious , rational 1 .
n.
Syn. thinking, rationalizing, argumentation, drawing conclusions; see logic , thought 1 .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
analysis, deduction, induction, thinking, thought, logic, inference, rationale, deliberation, cogitation, ratiocination.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Reasoning — is the cognitive process of looking for reasons for beliefs, conclusions, actions or feelings. [ Kirwin, Christopher. 1995. Reasoning . In Ted Honderich (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy . Oxford: Oxford University Press: p. 748] Humans… …   Wikipedia

  • Reasoning — Rea son*ing, n. 1. The act or process of adducing a reason or reasons; manner of presenting one s reasons. [1913 Webster] 2. That which is offered in argument; proofs or reasons when arranged and developed; course of argument. [1913 Webster] His… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reasoning — reasoning; un·reasoning; …   English syllables

  • reasoning — index contemplation, dialectic, discursive (analytical), judgment (discernment), justification, pensive …   Law dictionary

  • reasoning — (n.) late 14c., exercise of the power of reason; act or process of thinking logically; an instance of this; see REASON (Cf. reason) (v.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • reasoning — [n] logic, interpretation acumen, analysis, apriority, argument, case, cogitation, concluding, corollary, deduction, dialectics, exposition, generalization, hypothesis, illation, induction, inference, interpretation, logistics, premise, proof,… …   New thesaurus

  • reasoning — [rē′zəniŋ] n. 1. the drawing of inferences or conclusions from known or assumed facts; use of reason 2. the proofs or reasons resulting from this …   English World dictionary

  • Reasoning — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Reasoning >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 1 =>{ant,477,} reasoning ratiocination rationalism Sgm: N 1 dialectics dialectics induction generalization GRP: N 2 Sgm: N 2 discussion discussion comment Sgm: N 2 …   English dictionary for students

  • reasoning — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ careful, sound ▪ circular, faulty, flawed, specious (formal) ▪ underlying ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • reasoning — n. 1) cogent, logical, plausible, solid, sound reasoning 2) faulty; shrewd; specious reasoning 3) deductive; inductive reasoning 4) reasoning that + clause (her reasoning that the crime had been committed elsewhere proved to be true) * * * [… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • reasoning — Any process of drawing a conclusion from a set of premises may be called a process of reasoning. If the conclusion concerns what to do, the process is called practical reasoning, otherwise pure or theoretical reasoning. Evidently such processes… …   Philosophy dictionary

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